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旅游导刊 ›› 2021, Vol. 5 ›› Issue (6): 24-42.DOI: 10.12054/lydk.bisu.181

• 专题论文:理论建构探索与展望 • 上一篇    下一篇

从乡村性到后乡村性:乡村旅游的理论展望

李志飞(), 吴锦超, 张晨晨   

  1. 湖北大学旅游学院 湖北武汉 430062
  • 收稿日期:2021-05-08 修回日期:2021-10-30 出版日期:2021-12-30 发布日期:2022-01-21
  • 作者简介:李志飞(1976— ),男,湖北武汉人,湖北大学旅游学院教授,博士生导师,研究方向:旅游行为、乡村旅游与旅游目的地管理。E-mail: 1372272021@qq.com
    吴锦超(1998— ),男,湖北孝感人,湖北大学旅游学院旅游管理专业硕士研究生,研究方向:旅游目的地管理。
    张晨晨(1996— ),女,安徽淮北人,湖北大学旅游学院旅游管理专业硕士研究生,研究方向:旅游目的地管理。
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金面上项目(16BJY140)

From Rurality to Post Rurality: Theoretical Prospects of Rural Tourism

LI Zhifei(), WU Jinchao, ZHANG Chenchen   

  1. The Tourism School, Hubei University, Wuhai 430062, China
  • Received:2021-05-08 Revised:2021-10-30 Online:2021-12-30 Published:2022-01-21

摘要:

乡村地理学提出用乡村性来定义乡村,旅游地理学认为乡村性是乡村旅游的基础,然而随着城镇化的发展和旅游者需求的改变,乡村性逐渐被解构,正在流失。本研究基于国内外已有文献,结合乡村旅游发展背景,提出重构乡村性——后乡村性,并探索性地建构了后乡村性的6个维度:乡村“新移民化”、乡村“再地方化”、文化城市化、居住到栖居、城乡二元对立到城乡连续体、社区参与到社区营造。同时,基于乡村性指数和后乡村性的6个维度,探索性地提出后乡村性指数(PRI)应考虑的指标,包括流动人口、游客满意度、旅游就业、居住的现代性、乡村非物质文化遗产的“旅游活化”、“新乡贤”的社区治理结构、福利本地化等。后乡村性的提出对发展乡村旅游理论和优化乡村旅游治理结构具有理论和实践上的双重指导意义。

关键词: 乡村性, 后乡村性, 乡村旅游, 后乡村性指数

Abstract:

Rural geography puts forward the definition of rural with rurality. Tourism geography thinks that rurality is the basis of rural tourism. However, with the development of urbanization and the change of tourists’ demand, rurality is losing and deconstructing. Does the loss of rurality mean the end? Do we need to return to (restore) the rurality or enter a new rurality (post rurality)? Based on the existing domestic and international literature, combined with the background of rural tourism development, this paper proposes to reconstruct the rurality——post rurality, and tentatively constructs six dimensions of post rurality: rural “new immigration”, rural “re-localization”, cultural urbanization, living to dwelling, urban-rural dual opposition to urban-rural continuum, community participation to community building. At the same time, based on the rurality index and the six dimensions of post rurality, this paper tentatively puts forward the indicators that should be considered in the post rurality index (PRI), including floating population, tourist satisfaction, tourism employment, modernity of residence, tourism activation of rural intangible cultural heritage, community governance structure of new able villagers, welfare localization, etc. The proposal of post rurality has theoretical and practical significance for the development of rural tourism theory and the optimization of rural tourism governance structure.

Key words: rurality, post rurality, rural tourism, post rurality index

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