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旅游导刊 ›› 2018, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (6): 17-32.DOI: 10.12054/lydk.bisu.105

• • 上一篇    下一篇

中国旅游者行为研究述评(1987—2018)

白凯1,2,3(), 王馨1,2,3   

  1. 1. 陕西师范大学地理科学与旅游学院 陕西西安 710119
    2.陕西省旅游信息化工程实验室 陕西西安 710119
    3.陕西省旅游信息科学重点实验室 陕西西安 710119
  • 收稿日期:2018-11-09 修回日期:2018-11-15 出版日期:2018-11-30 发布日期:2018-12-29
  • 作者简介: 白 凯(1974— ),男,陕西西安人,博士,陕西师范大学地理科学与旅游学院教授、博士生导师,研究方向:旅游市场开发与旅游者行为。Email:bkshaanxi@163.com;王 馨(1995— ),女,山西太原人,陕西师范大学地理科学与旅游学院硕士研究生,研究方向:区域旅游开发与市场。
  • 基金资助:
    本文受国家自然科学基金项目(项目编号:41671144)、陕西省高校人文社会科学青年英才支持计划阶段性成果资助

A Review of Tourist Behavior Research in China(1987—2018)

Kai BAI1,2,3(), Xin WANG1,2,3   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Tourism, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710119, China;
    2. Shaanxi Tourism Information Engineering Laboratory, Xi’an 710119, China;
    3. Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Tourism Informatics, Xi’an 710119, China;
  • Received:2018-11-09 Revised:2018-11-15 Online:2018-11-30 Published:2018-12-29

摘要:

本文利用1987年至2018年中国知网的期刊文献,对国内旅游者行为研究的基本状况(研究阶段、核心机构、核心作者、核心期刊和研究话题)进行统计分析。在此基础上,从视角选择、理论推进、方法使用和实践应用4个层面对国内旅游者行为研究的成果进行总结与述评。本文提出未来的中国旅游者行为研究应从对象拓展、数据获取、方法更新、理论建构4个方向深入挖掘,实现与国际旅游者行为研究的平等对话,解决中国旅游发展的实际问题。

关键词: 中国, 旅游者行为, 文献计量, 研究述评

Abstract:

The thematic literature review of the research topic is beneficial to theorize and systematize the evolution and development of the research content, and further, critically evaluate the overall development direction and future evolution. Based on the journal literatures of CNKI from 1987 to 2018 in approximately 30 years, this study statistically analyzes the basic pattern of tourist behavior in China (research stages, core institutions, core authors, core journals and research topics). The research on tourist behavior in China has going through four stages of gradual development: beginning, development, maturity and prosperity. In addition, the core institutions and authors have centralized and overlapped on geographical distribution, and the core authors are all full-time teachers or researchers, with higher professional titles. Finally, the top ten core journals mainly focus on the journals of tourism and geography. Based on these information, this paper summarizes and reviews the research results of tourist behavior in China from four aspects: perspective selection, theory promotion, method using and practical application. It is found that the study of tourist behavior in China is moving towards multi-perspective, multi-theory and multi-method, thus provides important implications for tourism practice. This paper proposes that the future study of Chinese tourist behavior should be further explored from four directions of object expansion, data acquisition, method update and theoretical construction. The study on localization of tourist behavior should not only focus on the universality of knowledge contribution, but also on the improvement based on China's own social and cultural characteristics, so as to realize the equal dialogue with international tourist behavior research and solve the practical problems of Chinese tourism development.

Key words: China, tourist behavior, bibliometrics, review

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