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旅游导刊 ›› 2017, Vol. 1 ›› Issue (5): 68-85.DOI: 10.12054/lydk.bisu.28

• • 上一篇    下一篇

旅游者安全行为外文研究文献综述

吴艺娟1, 郑向敏1,2   

  1. 1. 华侨大学旅游学院 福建泉州 362021
    2. 中国旅游研究院旅游安全研究基地 福建泉州 362021
  • 收稿日期:2017-01-17 出版日期:2017-10-20 发布日期:2017-09-15
  • 作者简介: 吴艺娟(1990—),女,福建漳州人,华侨大学旅游学院硕士研究生,研究方向:旅游企业管理、旅游安全。郑向敏(1954—),男,福建泉州人,华侨大学旅游学院教授,研究方向:旅游企业管理、旅游安全等。通讯作者。
  • 基金资助:
    本研究受国家社会科学基金项目“游客高聚集场所的风险防范与安全防控研究”(15BGL119)、中国旅游研究院优奖计划专项基金资助项目(YJKT2015002)、华侨大学研究生科研创新能力培育计划资助项目资助

A Literature Review of Tourist Safety Behavior Research

Yijuan WU1, Xiangmin ZHENG1,2   

  1. 1.College of Tourism, Huaqiao University, Quanzhou 362021, China
    2.Center for Tourism Safety & Security Resaerch of China Tourism Academy, Quanzhou 362021, China
  • Received:2017-01-17 Online:2017-10-20 Published:2017-09-15

摘要:

本文在对旅游者安全行为相关外文文献进行系统梳理的基础上,阐述旅游者安全行为的研究源起及概念内涵,归纳提炼出旅游者安全行为的结构维度,即旅游者的安全决策行为、旅游者的安全信息搜索行为、旅游前的安全准备行为、旅游过程中的安全防范行为、旅游后的安全反馈行为;从内部因素、外部因素、旅游相关因素3个方面,进一步探讨了旅游者安全行为的影响因素;分析了现有研究中的不足,并从概念内涵及量表开发、其他影响因素的探索、研究方法及研究视角3个方面对旅游者安全行为研究提出展望。

关键词: 旅游者安全行为, 结构维度, 影响因素, 研究展望

Abstract:

The purpose of the study of tourist safety behavior is to control the unsafe behavior of tourists as well as encourage and guide their safety behavior. Foreign researches have developed from simple research on tourist safety decision making, to tourist safety behavior before and during travel, as well as different structural dimensions of tourist safety behavior. Research perspectives of tourist safety behavior are gradually enriched. The structure dimensions of tourist safety behavior are generalized as follows: tourists’ safety decision making behavior, safety information search behavior, safety preparation before travel, safety precautions during travel, and safety feedback behavior after travel. There are many factors influencing the safety behavior of tourists. In recent years, foreign literature mainly focuses on the internal factors, external factors and tourism related factors. The internal factors include demographic characteristics, tourism risk perception, tourism prior knowledge, tourist type, individual relevance and other internal factors. External factors include natural environment, social environment, risk communication and other external factors. Tourism related factors include tourism group size, the travel times, travel companion, modes of tourism transportation, tourism organization forms and other tourism related variables. In the era of safety economy, there is still large room for further research and development of the theory of tourist safety behavior. This paper analyzes the shortcomings of existing researches and the prospect of researches on tourist safety behavior is proposed in three aspects: the concept and development of the measurement scale, the exploration of other influencing factors, as well as the research methods and the research perspectives.

Key words: tourist safety behavior, structure dimensions, antecedents, research prospect

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