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旅游导刊 ›› 2017, Vol. 1 ›› Issue (3): 51-64.DOI: 10.12054/lydk.bisu.27

• • 上一篇    下一篇

基于FoEI信用评价的邮轮公司环境行为 及其差异性研究

孙瑞红1, 叶欣梁1,2, 徐虹3, 丰羽4   

  1. 1.上海工程技术大学管理学院 上海 201620
    2.上海吴淞口国际邮轮港 上海 201999
    3.南开大学旅游与服务学院 天津 300350
    4.阿德莱德大学 澳大利亚 SA5000
  • 收稿日期:2017-03-13 出版日期:2017-05-15 发布日期:2017-05-15
  • 作者简介: 孙瑞红(1980— ),女,山西闻喜人,博士,上海工程技术大学副教授、硕士生导师,研究方向:可持续旅游与环境管理、邮轮经济等。 叶欣梁(1979— ),男,浙江镇海人,博士,上海工程技术大学副教授、硕士生导师,上海吴淞口国际邮轮港副总经理,上海国际邮轮经济研究中心副主任,研究方向:可持续旅游与环境管理。 徐 虹(1963— ),女,天津人,博士,南开大学教授、博士生导师,研究方向:旅游产业经济、乡村旅游等。通讯作者。 丰 羽(1992— ),男,天津人,阿德莱德大学在读硕士研究生,研究方向:邮轮经济与管理。
  • 基金资助:
    美国国家地理学会空气与水保护基金(GEFC24-14);国家社会科学基金一般项目(16BGL110);教育部人文社科项目(13YJC630207);国家旅游局旅游业青年专家人才计划(TYEPT201416,TYEPT201523)

Study on Cruise Lines’ Environmental Behavior and Differences Based on FoEI Credit Rating

Ruihong SUN1, Xinliang YE1,2, Hong XU3, Yu FENG4   

  1. 1. School of Management, Shanghai University of Engineering Science, Shanghai 201620, China
    2. Shanghai Wusongkou Cruise Terminal Development Co. Ltd, Shanghai 201999, China
    3. College of Tourism and Service Management, Nankai University, Tianjin 300350, China
    4.School of Tourism, University of Adelaide, Adeliaide SA5000, Australia
  • Received:2017-03-13 Online:2017-05-15 Published:2017-05-15

摘要:

本文选取FoEI(“地球之友”)从2011—2016年发布的邮轮环境行为报告所提供的邮轮环境行为信用等级数据,对邮轮公司的环境行为表现进行分析,发现全球不同邮轮公司的环境行为以及典型邮轮公司在不同地区的环境行为均存在差异性。本文指出,邮轮公司之间经营目标和股东追求的差异导致其环境行为差异,而邮轮航行区域之间法律法规、生态环境和经济发展的差异导致邮轮公司环境行为的区域差异。最后,本文建议从邮轮公司、政府、邮轮港口、社会组织和公众等各方面进行改进,形成互相促进、环境优化导向的邮轮产业氛围。

关键词: 企业环境行为, 环境信用评价, 环境行为差异, 邮轮公司

Abstract:

Cruise ships have generated lots of waste during their ocean sailing and daily operations and caused environmental pollutions, which will continue accumulating and increasing due to their long time operations in specific areas. Out of the external pressure and their own social responsibility, cruise lines have already adopted positive environmental behavior to reduce cruise pollution and impacts. In order to encourage and urge cruise lines to improve their operation, environmental behavior credit rating has been introduced into environmental management as an effective tool, in which the cruise environmental credit assessment carried out by international organizations "Friends of the Earth"( FoEI ) is of international influence. This article selectes the data of cruise environmental behavior credit rating from 2011-2016 Cruise Ship Report Card released and published by FoEI, analyzes cruise company's environmental performance, and finds that the environmental behavior of different cruise companies and typical cruise line’s environmental behavior in different regions were of great differences. The article notes the differences in business goals of cruise lines and the pursuit of shareholder value leads to differences in their environmental behavior, and differences in laws and regulations, ecological environment and economic development among countries and regions through which cruise ships sail has led to various environmental behavior of cruise ships in regional different regions. Finally, the paper suggestes that cruise lines should adapt themselves to improving their environment behavior and keep their efforts continuously and more consistently on the global scale. At the same time external forces such as the government's policy incentives, the broad participation of social organizations, the public's responsible consumption and fair commentary, will create a favorable atmosphere for cruise lines to improve their own environmental behavior and promote each other so as to establish a social governance structure geared towards environmental optimization.

Key words: business environmental behavior, environmental behavior credit rating, behavioral difference, cruise line

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