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旅游导刊 ›› 2017, Vol. 1 ›› Issue (3): 80-99.DOI: 10.12054/lydk.bisu.25

• • 上一篇    下一篇

我国黄金周假日旅游研究的回顾与展望

杨嫚1,2, 刘泽华1,2, 张瑜1,2, 郑艺1,2, 章锦河1,2   

  1. 1.南京大学地理与海洋科学学院
    2.南京大学人文地理研究中心 江苏南京 210023
  • 收稿日期:2015-12-15 出版日期:2017-05-15 发布日期:2017-05-15
  • 作者简介: 杨 嫚(1989— ),女,山东菏泽人,南京大学人文地理专业硕士研究生,研究方向:旅游地理与旅游规划、短期旅游流研究等。刘泽华(1979— ),男,山东临沂人,南京大学讲师,研究方向:旅游流研究等。张 瑜(1988— ),女,山东潍坊人,南京大学人文地理专业博士研究生,研究方向:旅游地生态研究等。郑 艺(1992— ),女,江苏金坛人,南京大学讲师,研究方向:旅游地理与旅游规划等。章锦河(1970— ),男,安徽望江人,南京大学教授、博士生导师,研究方向:旅游地理与规划、区域旅游影响研究等。
  • 基金资助:
    本文受“国家旅游局旅游业青年专家培养计划”(YETP201312)、国家自然科学基金项目(41271161)资助

Retrospect and Prospect of the Research on Golden Week Holiday Tourism in China

Man Yang1,2, Zehua LIU1,2, Yu Zhang1,2, Yi Zheng1,2, Jinhe Zhang1,2   

  1. 1. School of Geography & Ocean Science;
    2. Human Geography Research Center, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2015-12-15 Online:2017-05-15 Published:2017-05-15

摘要:

近年来,我国学者对黄金周假日旅游的研究已经取得丰富的成果。本文选取61篇代表性论文作为研究文本,运用文献计量学方法,对研究主题、研究方法及案例地等信息进行统计分析,发现对黄金周假日旅游可持续发展的研究呈减少趋势,而有关休假制度对旅游系统的影响、假日旅游市场及旅游流的研究逐渐增多。研究方法上,定性研究论文逐渐减少,定量研究论文逐渐增多;官方渠道和问卷调查是学者们收集数据的主要途径,主要分析方法有指数分析、数理统计分析、模型构建等3类;实证案例地空间尺度以城市和景区为主。最后提出未来可以进一步拓展研究的内容和角度。

关键词: 黄金周, 假日旅游, 综述, 启示

Abstract:

In the past 15 years, Chinese scholars have made abundant achievements in the research of golden week holiday tourism. This study screened 1921 articles retrieved from CNKI and chose 61 high-level papers as research samples. Adopted bibliometric method, statistically analyzed the source of literature journals, research topics, annual trends, research methods, case studies and research contents, it was found that Chinese scholars’ achievements in the research of golden week holiday tourism were mainly published on three kinds of periodicals: tourism, university journals and geography. “Tourism Tribune”, as an authority of China's tourism research journal, also paid the most attention on this field. Scholars mainly focused on three research fields: the sustainable development of holiday tourism, the influence of holiday system on tourism system, holiday tourism market and tourism flow research. The researches on sustainable development of golden week holiday tourism have had a decreasing trend and the influence of holiday system on tourism system, holiday tourism market and tourism flow researches have gradually increased in recent years. On the research methods, qualitative research papers inclined to reduce gradually while quantitative research papers increased gradually. Some of the qualitative research papers adopted normative analysis by establishing correlation index or theoretical model. In quantitative research, the main ways to collect data were the official channels and the questionnaire survey, and the Internet and the stock market also became the data source; the main analysis methods were index analysis, mathematical statistics analysis and model building. From the aspect of spatial scale, the case of empirical research was given priority to cities and scenic spots, followed by the national, provincial scale or multi-city regional scale; and the research emphasis also differed with different spatial scales. Overall, the results of this study can objectively reflect the current state of the research achievements of China’s golden week holiday tourism and has certain enlightening significance to such studies in China. In the future, it can be further explored from the following contents and points of view: the system design and improvement of holiday system; golden week holiday tourism research from the social, cultural and environmental aspects; strengthen the various types and all levels of tourism destination research; strengthen the research on the characteristics and prediction of holiday tourism flow; the research on outbound tourism flow in holiday,etc.

Key words: golden week, holiday tourism, review, enlightenment

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