微信公众号

编辑部微信号

旅游导刊 ›› 2017, Vol. 1 ›› Issue (3): 39-50.DOI: 10.12054/lydk.bisu.20

• • 上一篇    下一篇

通往富裕的道路:藏民的旅游非正规就业——对青海湖周边藏民就业情况的调研

郭为, 黄卫东, 寇敏, 廖淑凤   

  1. 青岛大学旅游与地理科学学院 山东青岛 266071
  • 收稿日期:2016-04-21 出版日期:2017-05-15 发布日期:2017-05-15
  • 作者简介: 郭 为(1969— ),男,湖北天门人,博士,青岛大学旅游与地理科学学院教授,研究方向:旅游产业经济与政策。 黄卫东(1970— ),女,湖北天门人,研究方向:图书馆管理与信息检索。寇 敏(1973— ),男,陕西渭南人,青岛大学旅游与地理科学学院讲师,研究方向:旅游产业经济与政策。廖淑凤(1989— ),女,福建泉州人,青岛大学旅游与地理科学学院旅游管理专业硕士研究生,研究方向:旅游就业。
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目“旅游产业融合中的就业模式变迁”(15BGL111)资助

The Road to Prosperity:Tourism Informal Employment of The Tibetan―Research on the Employment Situation of the Tibetan Surrounding Qinghai Lake

Wei GUO, Weidong HUANG, Min KOU, Shufeng LIAO   

  1. School of Tourism & Geography Science, Qindao University, Qingdao 266071, China
  • Received:2016-04-21 Online:2017-05-15 Published:2017-05-15

摘要:

如何加快藏区发展,提高藏民收入,一直备受政府重视,解决这一问题最根本的方法是扩大就业。由于藏民的民族特性,传统的企业雇佣的就业方式并不适合藏民。本文利用官方数据估算了青海省非正规就业总量和藏民的旅游非正规就业人数,指出了旅游非正规就业的特点。在此基础上,根据在 青海湖周边对藏民非正规就业的调查,说明了藏民非正规就业的种类、特点和一般性规律。依据这些规律,本文证明了3个假说:第一,非正规就业更契合藏区的经济条件、地理环境,以及藏民的受教育水平、文化传统和生活习惯;第二,非正规就业是提高藏民收入的有效手段;第三,旅游业可以有效对接非正规就业。最后,本文相应地给出了合理的政策建议。

关键词: 藏民, 旅游, 非正规就业

Abstract:

The Chinese government pays much more attention all the time to the development of the province of Tibet and Qinghai, trying to increase the native’s income. In order to achieve this target, the central government must appropriate great financial subsidies each year to the local government of Tibet and Qinghai. So this development way is unsustainable. The suitable way to solve the problem is to increase the employment of Tibetans. The traditional paid - wage employment is not fit for Tibetans because of its characteristics of geographical environment and economical conditions and way of life and educational level. The paper aims to find a new answer to the present questions. First, the paper uses the official data to estimate the number of informal employment and tourism informal employment of Tibetans in Qinghai, pointing out the features of informal employment of tourism. On this basis, the paper takes advantage of the investigation to the Tibetans around Qinghai Lake, describing the categories, features and general principle of informal employment of tourism of Tibetans. The paper puts forward three hypotheses: firstly, tourism informal employment of Tibetans is fit for the economic conditions, geographical environment of Qinghai, Tibetan education level, cultural tradition and way of life. Secondly, tourism informal employment is the effective way to increase Tibetan income. Thirdly, informal employment can be much more easily developed in tourism industry in Qinghai at low costs. In the end, the paper gives some policy suggestions in detail which can do great help to the local government.

Key words: Tibetans, tourism, informal employment

中图分类号: