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旅游导刊 ›› 2022, Vol. 6 ›› Issue (3): 19-41.DOI: 10.12054/lydk.bisu.197

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

新时期国土空间战略视域下旅游资源开发创新路径研究

龙江智1,2(), 朱鹤2, 张方馨1   

  1. 1.东北财经大学旅游与酒店管理学院 辽宁大连 116025
    2.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2021-05-04 修回日期:2022-03-10 出版日期:2022-06-30 发布日期:2022-06-23
  • 作者简介:龙江智(1974— ),男,湖南凤凰人,博士,东北财经大学旅游与酒店管理学院副教授,硕士生导师,研究方向:旅游地理和旅游休闲理论。E-mail: longjiangzhi@126.com
    朱 鹤(1989— ),女,山东济南人,博士,中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所副研究员,中国地理学会会员(S1100010339M),研究方向:城市旅游、旅游规划。
    张方馨(1996— ),女,山西临汾人,东北财经大学硕士研究生,研究方向:旅游规划研究。
  • 基金资助:
    本研究受国家社会科学基金项目“基于地方理论的旅游目的地体验品质驱动机制及优化路径研究”(14BGL201)

Research on the Innovative Approaches of Tourism Resources Development from the Perspective of the Territorial Space Strategy in the New Era

LONG Jiangzhi1,2(), ZHU He2, ZHANG Fangxin1   

  1. 1. School of Tourism and Hotel Management, Dongbei University of Finance & Economics, Dalian 116025, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2021-05-04 Revised:2022-03-10 Online:2022-06-30 Published:2022-06-23

摘要:

新时期国土空间战略围绕生态文明建设这一逻辑主轴,以国土空间规划作为空间治理的政策工具,对全域国土实行分区分类用途管制,旅游资源开发面临着更加严格的管控约束。因而,如何解决人民对美好生活的“旅游刚需”与空间治理的“资源保护”之间的平衡问题,成为一个重要的理论命题。本文结合新时期国土空间战略的特点和要求,探索了旅游资源开发利用的创新路径:(1)创新旅游资源的认知和评价方法,从消费视角转向“生产+消费”双重视角,从关注吸引力转向聚焦体验价值,从资源单体转向综合地块,从静态认知转为动态评价;(2)变革旅游资源开发规划逻辑,以空间作为出发点和落脚点,遵循“空间识别—空间诊断—空间规划—空间重构”的技术路线编制规划;(3)创造性地衔接旅游产业用地需求,通过争取旅游用地单列、旅游弹性用地、点状供地等措施,谋求旅游资源开发利用的市场行为有效融入国家法定的国土空间规划体系和管理平台;(4)创新转换旅游资源利用方式,借助推广生态旅游模式、促进“旅游+科技”融合、构建生态补偿机制、推动旅游集聚化开发、创意利用非优旅游资源等方式,摆脱粗放式“野蛮增长”,推动旅游业向优质旅游发展阶段转变,以期为新时期国土空间战略治理下我国旅游资源有效开发提供理论依据和实践指导。

关键词: 国土空间战略, 生态文明, 空间规划, 空间治理, 旅游资源开发

Abstract:

With a view to constructing an ecological civilization, the territorial space strategy in the new era uses geographical planning as a policy tool of spatial governance, implementing zoning and classification control over the entire territory. The development of tourism resources is facing higher expectations and more stringent constraints. How to resolve the conflict between people’s “real travel needs” for a better life and the “resource protection” of space governance has become a major theoretical issue. Based on the characteristics and requirements of the territorial space strategy in the new era, this paper explores an innovative path in the development and utilization of tourism resources. This involves: (1) taking an innovative approach to the cognition and evaluation of tourism resources, changing from the perspective of consumption to the dual perspective of “production and consumption”, from a focus on attracting attention to a focus on experience value, from use of a single resource to the integrated use of multiple resources, and from static cognition to dynamic evaluation; (2) revising the logic of the development planning of tourism resources, taking space as the starting point, and following the technical route of “spatial identification—spatial diagnosis—spatial planning—spatial reconstruction”; (3) connecting tourism creatively with various land uses, effectively incorporating the market behavior of tourism resources development and utilization into the statutory territorial space planning system and management platform, through such measures as the listing of land use solely for tourism, flexible tourism land use, and a point-like land supply mode; (4) innovatively transforming how tourism resources are utilized, abandoning the extensive “barbaric growth” mode, helping to promote eco-tourism and the integration of “tourism with technology” models, building up an ecological compensation mechanism, boosting tourism cluster development, and making creative use of non-optimal tourism resources. It is hoped to advance the tourism industry with high-quality developments, providing a theoretical basis and practical guide for the effective development of tourism resources in China under the strategic governance of territory in the new era.

Key words: territorial space strategy, ecological civilization, spatial planning, spatial governance, tourism resources development

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