Please wait a minute...

微信公众号

编辑部微信号

旅游导刊  2021, Vol. 5 Issue (2): 35-65    DOI: 10.12054/lydk.bisu.158
研究论文     
地方政府教育投入、旅游业人力资本与旅游产业结构优化升级——基于简单中介效应模型和有调节的中介效应模型的对比检验
孙盼盼1,2(),赖丽君1
1.华侨大学旅游学院 福建泉州 362021
2.华侨大学海峡旅游发展研究院 福建泉州 362021
Local Government Investment in Education, Tourism Human Capital, and Optimization and Upgrading of the Tourism Industry Structure: A Comparative Test Based on the Simple Mediation Model and the Moderated Mediation Model
SUN PanPan1,2(),LAI Lijun1
1. College of Tourism, Huaqiao University, Quanzhou 362021, China
2. Cross-Straight Travel Institute, Huaqiao University, Quanzhou 362021, China
 全文: PDF(18188 KB)   HTML
摘要:

旅游产业结构优化升级对旅游产业提质增效和可持续发展至关重要。本文利用2000—2015年31个省(直辖市、自治区)的统计数据建立简单中介效应模型和有调节的中介效应模型,从人力资本理论角度实证检验地方政府教育投入通过旅游业人力资本数量和质量促进旅游产业结构优化升级的作用机制,以及该机制在旅游院校人力资本调节下的变化。研究发现:(1)高的政府教育投入对旅游产业结构优化升级具有积极影响,却受到旅游院校人力资本数量和质量以及高等旅游院校人力资本数量的负向调节;(2)地方政府教育投入有助于旅游业人力资本数量的增加,对旅游产业结构优化升级产生间接促进作用;(3)地方政府教育投入未能促进旅游业人力资本质量提升,也不能通过提升旅游业人力资本质量来推动旅游产业结构优化升级;(4)旅游院校和高等旅游院校人力资本数量的调节效应显著,均导致地方政府教育投入对旅游产业结构优化升级的作用机制发生改变;旅游院校人力资本质量和中等职业旅游院校人力资本数量的调节效应不显著,未改变原有作用机制;(5)各调节变量(中职旅游院校人力资本除外)使得地方政府教育投入对旅游产业结构优化升级的促进作用有所增强,促进力度却会逐渐减弱;(6)地方政府教育投入对旅游产业结构优化升级的直接影响大于间接影响。

关键词: 教育投入人力资本产业结构政府旅游中介效应    
Abstract:

Understanding how to optimize and upgrade the structure of the tourism industry is of vital importance to the improvement of the industry's quality, efficiency, and sustained development. This paper uses statistical data of China's 31 provinces from 2000 to 2015 to establish a simple mediation model and a moderated mediation model. From the perspective of human capital theory, the study has empirically tested the mechanism of local government education investment in promoting the structural optimization and upgrading of the tourism industry through the quantity and quality of human capital in tourism industry. The paper outlines the changes of this mechanism caused by the input of human capital from tourism universities and colleges. The empirical study found that: (1) High government investment in education has a positive impact on the structural optimization and upgrading of the tourism industry, but it is negatively moderated by the quantity and quality of human capital of tourism universities and vocational schools. (2) Local government investment in education helps increase human capital in tourism industry, which can, in turn, indirectly promote the structural optimization and upgrading of the tourism industry. (3) Local government investment in education fails to improve the quality of human capital in tourism industry and cannot promote the structural optimization and upgrading of the tourism industry by improving the quality of human capital in tourism industry. (4) The quantity of human capital from tourism universities and colleges has a significant moderation effect, bringing about changes in the mechanism of local government education investment for the structural optimization and upgrading of the tourism industry. The quality of tourism universities’ human capital and the quantity of vocational schools’ (hereafter referred to as “vocational”) human capital do not produce a significant effect, failing to engender changes to the existing mechanism. (5) Moderators (excluding the human capital of tourism vocational colleges) enable local government investment in education to enhance the structural optimization and upgrading of the tourism industry with a gradual decline in intensity. (6) Local government investment in education has a greater direct than indirect effect on the structural optimization and upgrading of the tourism industry. The research conclusions of this paper provide policy insights for China to explore feasible transformation paths to further optimize the structure of the tourism industry and promote the high-quality growth of China’s tourism industry.

Key words: education investment    human capital    industrial structure    government    tourism    mediation effect
收稿日期: 2020-04-26 出版日期: 2021-03-24
PACS:  F59  
基金资助: 国家社会科学基金青年项目“地方政府行为对旅游产业结构动态优化的作用机制研究”(16CGL023)
作者简介: 孙盼盼(1983— ),女,江苏徐州人,管理学博士,华侨大学旅游学院副教授、硕士生导师,研究方向:区域旅游经济与旅游管理研究。E-mail: panpan1015@hotmail.com|赖丽君(1997— ),女,福建龙岩人,华侨大学旅游学院硕士研究生,研究方向:文化旅游、旅游管理研究。
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
孙盼盼
赖丽君

引用本文:

孙盼盼,赖丽君. 地方政府教育投入、旅游业人力资本与旅游产业结构优化升级——基于简单中介效应模型和有调节的中介效应模型的对比检验[J]. 旅游导刊, 2021, 5(2): 35-65.

SUN PanPan,LAI Lijun. Local Government Investment in Education, Tourism Human Capital, and Optimization and Upgrading of the Tourism Industry Structure: A Comparative Test Based on the Simple Mediation Model and the Moderated Mediation Model. Tourism and Hospitality Prospects, 2021, 5(2): 35-65.

链接本文:

https://lydk.bisu.edu.cn/CN/10.12054/lydk.bisu.158        https://lydk.bisu.edu.cn/CN/Y2021/V5/I2/35

图1  地方政府教育投入对旅游产业结构优化升级作用机制的理论建构 注:实线表示具有实质影响,虚线表示不具有实质影响,下文同
变量
Variable
符号
Symbol
含义
Meaning
均值
Mean
标准差
Standard deviation
最小值
Min
最大值
Max
因变量
Dependent Variable
lntiss 旅游产业结构优化升级 -0.614 0.651 -3.868 1.18
自变量
Independent Variable
l.lgei 地方政府教育投入 0.676 0.718 0.064 5.08
中介变量
Mediator
ntl 旅游业人力资本数量 7.876 7.629 0.209 61.44
rte 旅游业人力资本质量 1.346 1.072 0.034 7.66
调节变量
Moderator
nts 旅游院校人力资本数量 2.426 2.568 0.018 16.08
rhcts 旅游院校人力资本质量 0.577 0.209 0.081 1.00
nhcts 高等旅游院校人力资本数量 1.280 1.294 0.009 9.36
nsvcts 中职旅游院校人力资本数量 1.182 1.699 0.000 12.67
控制变量
Covariant
ti 交通基础设施水平 36.34 20.37 5.640 96.96
tfc 旅游业固定资本 182.4 125.9 3.619 736.50
tl 科技水平 16.94 12.21 1 68
tr 旅游资源禀赋 61.39 42.43 2 214
hrc 酒店接待能力 41.32 42.16 2 208
nta 旅行社数量 0.359 0.252 0 1
表1  变量含义和描述性统计
变量 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
lntiss lntiss lntiss lntiss lntiss lntiss lntiss
l.lgei 0.630*** 0.380*** 0.095 0.165** 0.062 0.083 0.087**
地方政府教育投入 (0.085) (0.089) (0.065) (0.077) (0.064) (0.064) (0.042)
ti 0.021*** 0.019*** 0.015*** 0.017*** 0.015*** 0.017***
交通基础设施 (0.003) (0.003) (0.003) (0.002) (0.003) (0.002)
tfc 0.002*** 0.002*** 0.002*** 0.002*** 0.002***
旅游业固定资本 (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000)
tl 0.005 0.007* 0.007* 0.006***
技术水平 (0.004) (0.004) (0.004) (0.002)
trc -0.001 -0.001 -0.001
旅游资源禀赋 (0.001) (0.001) (0.001)
hrc 0.003* 0.002**
酒店接待能力 (0.001) (0.001)
nta -0.964***
旅行社数量 (0.297)
Constant -0.998***
(0.057)
-1.693***
(0.099)
-1.727***
(0.092)
-1.747***
(0.089)
-1.739***
(0.084)
-1.818***
(0.109)
-1.523***
(0.112)
Observations 465 465 465 465 465 465 465
R-squared 0.461 0.604 0.688 0.653 0.694 0.699 0.706
表2  地方政府教育投入对旅游产业结构优化升级的总体影响(无调节变量OLS回归)
变量 IV估计结果
lntiss
IV第一阶段估计结果
l.lgei
l.lgei 0.117***
(0.037)
地方政府教育投入
ti 0.010***
(0.001)
0.002***
(0.000)
交通基础设施
tfc 0.002***
(0.000)
0.000***
(0.000)
旅游业固定资本
tl 0.012***
(0.002)
-0.006***
(0.001)
技术水平
trc -0.000
(0.001)
-0.001**
(0.000)
旅游资源禀赋
hrc 0.004***
(0.001)
0.000
(0.000)
酒店接待能力
nta -0.576***
(0.100)
0.003
(0.047)
旅行社数量
l.ppsef 1.095***
(0.075)
初中生人均教育经费
l.pjsef 0.226***
(0.042)
小学生人均教育经费
Constant -1.582***
(0.036)
-0.024***
(0.017)
R-squared 0.764 8 0.959 5
Observations 465 465
外生性检验 12.794 1(0.000 3)
12.901 4(0.000 3)
相关性检验 1 591.67(0.000 0)
表3  政府教育投入对旅游产业结构优化升级的总体影响(无调节变量 IV 2SLS回归)
变量 (1)
lntiss
(2)
lntiss
(3)
lntiss
(4)
lntiss
l.lgei 0.137**
(0.062)
0.327**
(0.135)
0.209***
(0.057)
0.091
(0.060)
地方政府教育投入
nts 0.036**
(0.016)
旅游院校人力资本数量
c. l.lgei#c.nts -0.060**
(0.023)
交互项1
rhcts 0.225*
(0.128)
旅游院校人力资本质量
c. l.lgei#c.rhcts -0.294**
(0.134)
交互项2
nhcts 0.077**
(0.030)
高等旅游院校人力资本数量
c. l.lgei#c.nhcts -0.144***
(0.031)
交互项3
nsvcts 0.017
(0.015)
中职旅游院校人力资本数量
c. l.lgei#c.nsvcts -0.018
(0.036)
交互项4
ti 0.017***
(0.002)
0.016***
(0.002)
0.016***
(0.002)
0.017***
(0.002)
交通基础设施
tfc 0.002***
(0.000)
0.002***
(0.000)
0.002***
(0.000)
0.002***
(0.000)
旅游固定资本
tl 0.007**
(0.003)
0.007*
(0.003)
0.007**
(0.003)
0.006*
(0.003)
技术水平
trc 0.001
(0.001)
-0.001
(0.001)
0.001
(0.001)
0.000
(0.001)
旅游资源禀赋
hrc 0.001
(0.002)
0.002 0.001
(0.002)
0.002
(0.002)
酒店接待能力 (0.002)
tarc -0.803
(0.475)
-0.908*
(0.494)
-0.611
(0.437)
-0.971*
(0.491)
旅行社数量
Constant -1.578***
(0.193)
-1.634***
(0.207)
-1.641***
(0.173)
-1.521***
(0.203)
R-squared 0.714 0.710 0.722 0.707
Observations 465 465 465 465
表4  地方政府教育投入对旅游产业结构优化升级的总体影响(有调节变量 OLS回归)
变量 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
无调节变量 有调节变量
ntl rte ntl ntl ntl rte
l.lgei 2.444** 0.054 2.363** 2.978** 2.146** 0.417
地方政府教育投入 (1.009) (0.269) (0.899) (1.116) (0.868) (0.502)
nts -0.133
旅游院校人力资本数量 (0.287)
c.l.lgei#c.nts
交互项1
-0.500
(0.324)
nhcts -0.066
高等旅游院校学生数量 (0.280)
c.l.lgei#c.nhcts -0.931**
交互项2 (0.434)
nsvcts -0.216
中职旅游院校学生数量 (0.465)
c.l.lgei1#c.nsvcts -0.321
交互项3 (0.503)
rhcts -0.075
旅游院校人力资本质量 (0.392)
c.l.lgei#c.rhcts -0.412
交互项4 (0.363)
ti 0.058 0.029** 0.071* 0.029** 0.065* 0.064*
交通基础设施 (0.034) (0.012) (0.040) (0.011) (0.038) (0.036)
tfc -0.024*** 0.004*** -0.022*** 0.004*** -0.024*** -0.023***
旅游固定资本 (0.007) (0.001) (0.006) (0.001) (0.007) (0.007)
tl 0.029 -0.003 0.037 -0.003 0.038 0.031
技术水平 (0.056) (0.005) (0.054) (0.006) (0.055) (0.055)
trc -0.007 -0.006* 0.005 -0.006* 0.005 -0.004
旅游资源禀赋 (0.013) (0.003) (0.009) (0.004) (0.009) (0.011)
hrc 0.036 -0.001 0.035 -0.001 0.032 0.037
酒店接待能力 (0.032) (0.003) (0.033) (0.003) (0.033) (0.032)
tarc -8.279 -1.072 -4.537 -0.946 -4.083 -7.255
旅行社数量 (6.490) (0.942) (4.230) (0.875) (4.277) (5.660)
Constant 9.246** 0.209 7.690** 0.182 7.521** 8.839**
(4.005) (0.258) (2.878) (0.254) (2.961) (3.611)
Observations 465 465 465 465 465 465
R-squared 0.226 0.410 0.265 0.417 0.257 0.244
表5  地方政府教育投入对旅游业人力资本的影响
变量 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
无调节变量 有调节变量
lntiss lntiss lntiss lntiss lntiss lntiss
l.lgei 0.061 0.085** 0.124* 0.181*** 0.071 0.316**
地方政府教育投入 (0.043) (0.042) (0.066) (0.059) (0.063) (0.137)
ntl 0.010** 0.011** 0.009* 0.012*
旅游业人力资本数量 (0.004) (0.005) (0.005) (0.006)
rte 0.032 0.010
旅游业人力资本质量 (0.021) (0.064)
nts 0.067***
旅游院校人力资本数量 (0.022)
c. l.lgei#c.nts -0.050**
交互项1 (0.021)
c.ntl#c.nts -0.003**
交互项2 (0.001)
nhcts 0.113***
高等旅游院校人力资本数量 (0.033)
c. l.lgei#c.nhcts -0.117***
交互项3 (0.031)
c.ntl#c.nhcts -0.005*
交互项4 (0.003)
nsvcts 0.045
中职旅游院校人力资本数量 (0.039)
c.l.lgei#c.nsvcts -0.013
交互项5 (0.035)
c.ntl#c.nsvcts -0.002
交互项6 (0.003)
rhcts 0.191
旅游院校人力资本质量 (0.193)
c. l.lgei#c.rhcts -0.285**
交互项7 (0.134)
c.rte#c.rhcts 0.030
交互项8 (0.106)
ti 0.016*** 0.016*** 0.016*** 0.016*** 0.016*** 0.015***
交通基础设施 (0.002) (0.003) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002)
tfc 0.002*** 0.002*** 0.002*** 0.002*** 0.002*** 0.002***
旅游固定资本 (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000)
tl 0.006*** 0.006*** 0.006* 0.006** 0.006 0.007*
技术水平 (0.002) (0.002) (0.003) (0.003) (0.003) (0.003)
trc 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.001 0.000 -0.001
旅游资源禀赋 (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001)
hrc 0.002* 0.002** 0.001 0.001 0.002 0.002
酒店接待能力 (0.001) (0.001) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002)
tarc -0.878*** -0.930*** -0.701 -0.510 -0.883* -0.875*
旅行社数量 (0.298) (0.297) (0.455) (0.422) (0.487) (0.488)
Constant -1.619*** -1.530*** -1.693*** -1.745*** -1.629*** -1.623***
(0.119) (0.112) (0.194) (0.179) (0.208) (0.223)
Observations 465 465 465 465 465 465
R-squared 0.710 0.708 0.721 0.728 0.712 0.712
表6  地方政府教育投入对旅游产业结构优化升级的作用机制
变量 因变量数据标准化 缩尾1%
lntiss lntiss lntiss lntiss lntiss lntiss lntiss lntiss
l.lgei 0.130* 0.191*** 0.068 0.305** 0.165** 0.206*** 0.114* 0.314**
地方政府教育投入 (0.070) (0.060) (0.067) (0.146) (0.061) (0.060) (0.060) (0.127)
ntl 0.012** 0.009*
(0.005)
0.013* 0.011* 0.010* 0.011*
旅游业人力资本数量 (0.005) (0.006) (0.007) (0.006) (0.008)
rte 0.183 0.176
旅游业人力资本质量 (0.210) (0.189)
nts 0.077*** 0.072***
旅游院校人力资本
数量
(0.024) (0.021)
c.gei#c.nts -0.060** -0.047**
交互项1 (0.023) (0.020)
c.ntl#c.nts -0.003** -0.004***
交互项2 (0.001) (0.001)
nhcts 0.124*** 0.117***
高等旅游院校人力资本数量 (0.035) (0.032)
c.gei#c.nhcts -0.132*** -0.111***
交互项3 (0.033) (0.031)
c.ntl#c.nhcts -0.005* -0.006**
交互项4 (0.003) (0.003)
nsvcts 0.056 0.057
中职旅游院校人力资本数量 (0.045) (0.041)
c.gei#c.nsvcts -0.021 -0.016
交互项5 (0.039) (0.036)
c.ntl#c.nsvcts -0.003 -0.003
交互项6 (0.003) (0.003)
rhcts -0.273* -0.249*
旅游院校人力资本
质量
(0.147) (0.126)
c.gei#c.rhcts 0.019 0.013
交互项7 (0.069) (0.064)
c.rte#c.rhcts 0.017 0.026
交互项8 (0.117) (0.103)
ti 0.016*** 0.016*** 0.016*** 0.016*** 0.015*** 0.015*** 0.015*** 0.014***
交通基础设施 (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002)
tfc 0.002*** 0.002*** 0.002*** 0.002*** 0.002*** 0.002*** 0.002*** 0.002***
旅游固定资本 (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000)
tl 0.006* 0.006** 0.006 0.007* 0.005 0.006** 0.005 0.007*
技术水平 (0.003) (0.003) (0.004) (0.004) (0.003) (0.003) (0.003) (0.003)
trc 0.001 0.001 0.000 -0.001 0.001 0.001 0.000 -0.001
旅游资源禀赋 (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001) (0.001)
hrc 0.001 0.001 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.002
酒店接待能力 (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.002) (0.001)
tarc -0.613 -0.399 -0.826 -0.827 -0.685 -0.490 -0.860* -0.844*
旅行社数量 (0.515) (0.485) (0.549) (0.556) (0.446) (0.407) (0.473) (0.480)
Constant -1.602*** -1.661*** -1.529*** -1.512*** -1.687*** -1.758*** -1.620*** -1.621***
(0.210) (0.196) (0.226) (0.244) (0.193) (0.178) (0.203) (0.220)
Observations 465 465 465 465 465 465 465 465
R-squared 0.707 0.714 0.696 0.695 0.729 0.736 0.719 0.719
个体效应 控制 控制 控制 控制 控制 控制 控制 控制
表7  地方政府教育投入对旅游产业结构优化升级的作用机制稳健性检验
图2  地方政府教育投入对旅游产业结构优化升级的作用机制及其变化(实证识别)
[1] Acemoglu D. Patterns of skill premia[J]. The Review of Economic Studies, 2003,70(2):199~230.
doi: 10.1111/roes.2003.70.issue-2
[2] Antonelli C. Localized technological change and factor markets:Constraints and inducements to innovation[J]. Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 2006,17(2):224~247.
doi: 10.1016/j.strueco.2004.05.002
[3] Barro R J, Lee J W. International comparisons of educational attainment[J]. Journal of Monetary Economics, 1993,32(3):363~394.
doi: 10.1016/0304-3932(93)90023-9
[4] Becker G S. Human Capital[M]. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1964.
[5] Blaug M. An Introduction to the Economics of Education[M]. London:Allen Lane, 1970.
[6] Ciccone A, Papaioannou E. Human capital,the structure of production,and growth[J]. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 2009,91(1):66~82.
doi: 10.1162/rest.91.1.66
[7] Collins S M, Bosworth B P, Rodrik D. Economic growth in East Asia:Accumulation versus assimilation[J]. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1996(2):135~203.
[8] Krugman P. Increasing returns and economic geography[J]. Journal of Political Economy, 1991,99(3):483~499.
doi: 10.1086/261763
[9] Mercan M, Sezer S. The effect of education expenditure on economic growth:The case of Turkey[J]. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2014(109):925~930.
[10] Romer P M. Endogenous technological change[J]. Journal of Political Economy, 1990,98(5):S71~S102.
doi: 10.1086/261725
[11] Schultz T W. Investment in human capital[J]. The American Economic Review, 1961(51):1~17.
[12] Sharma S, Durand R M, Gur-Arie O. Identification and analysis of moderator variables[J]. Journal of Marketing Research, 1981,18(3):291~300.
doi: 10.1177/002224378101800303
[13] Syamsul A, Aimon H, Yulhendri Y. Analysis of economic development in north Sumatra province[C]//Proceedings of the 2nd Padang International Conference on Education,Economics,Business and Accounting. Atlantis Press, 2019.
[14] Sylwester K. Income inequality,education expenditures,and growth[J]. Journal of Development Economics, 2000,63(2):379~398.
doi: 10.1016/S0304-3878(00)00113-9
[15] Xie H Q, Yang M M, Li F. An empirical study on the correlation between educational input and upgrading of industrial structure under the background of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei coordinated development[J]. Educational Sciences:Theory & Practice, 2018,18(5):2519~2526.
[16] 蔡昉, 王美艳. 中国人力资本现状管窥——人口红利消失后如何开发增长新源泉[J]. 人民论坛·学术前沿, 2012(4):56~65.
[16] [CAI Fang, WANG Meiyan. On the status quo of china’s human capital:How to explore new sources of growth after demographic dividends disappear[J]. Frontiers, 2012(4):56~65.]
[17] 陈斌开, 张鹏飞, 杨汝岱. 政府教育投入、人力资本投资与中国城乡收入差距[J]. 管理世界, 2010(1):36~43.
[17] [CHEN Binkai, ZHANG Pengfei, YANG Rudai. Government educational expenditure,human capital investment and urban-rural inequality in China[J]. Management World, 2010(1):36~43.]
[18] 陈建军, 杨飞. 人力资本异质性与区域产业升级:基于前沿文献的讨论[J]. 浙江大学学报(人文社会科学版), 2014,44(5):149~160.
[18] [CHEN Jianjun, YANG Fei. Human capital heterogeneity and regional industrial upgrading:An analysis based on the latest research literature[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University(Humanities and Social Science), 2014,44(5):149~160.]
[19] 邓创, 付蓉. 中国财政性教育经费投入对产业结构的非线性影响[J]. 教育与经济, 2017,33(5):10~19.
[19] [DENG Chuang, FU Rong. The nonlinear effects of financial investment in education on industrial structure in China[J]. Education and Economy, 2017,33(5):10~19.]
[20] 冯芳芳, 蒲勇健. 我国区域产业结构优化及其影响因素分析——基于分位数回归方法[J]. 技术经济, 2012,31(2):36~42.
[20] [FENG Fangfang, PU Yongjian. Analysis on optimization of regional industrial structure and its influencing factors:Based on quantile regression approach[J]. Technology Economics, 2012,31(2):36~42.]
[21] 韩颖, 倪树茜. 我国产业结构调整的影响因素分析[J]. 经济理论与经济管理, 2011(12):53~60.
[21] [HAN Ying, NI Shuqian. Factor analysis of China’s industrial structure adjustment[J]. Economic Theory and Business Management, 2011(12):53~60.]
[22] 何勋, 全华. 旅游产业结构变动对旅游经济增长和波动的作用机理[J]. 经济管理, 2013,35(8):104~115.
[22] [HE Xun, QUAN Hua. Empirical study on functioning mechanism of tourism industrial structure change on tourism economic growth and fluctuations[J]. Economic Management, 2013,35(8):104~115.]
[23] 胡鞍钢. 从人口大国到人力资本大国:1980—2000年[J]. 中国人口科学, 2002(5):1~10.
[23] [HU An’gang. From population power to human resources power[J]. Chinese Journal of Population Science, 2002(5):1~10.]
[24] 姜泽华, 白艳. 产业结构升级的内涵与影响因素分析[J]. 当代经济研究, 2006(10):53~56.
[24] [JIANG Zehua, BAI Yan. The intensions of industrial structure upgrading and the influence factors[J]. Contemporary Economic Research, 2006(10):53~56.]
[25] 揭辉, 王成勇. 教育投入、劳动力质量对经济增长的影响效应研究——基于STR模型[J]. 华中师范大学学报(人文社会科学版), 2019,58(1):50~56.
[25] [JIE Hui, WANG Chengyong. Education investment,labor quality and economic growth:Based on STR model[J]. Journal of Central China Normal University(Humanities and Social Sciences), 2019,58(1):50~56.]
[26] 靳希斌. 教育经济学[M]. 北京: 人民教育出版社, 1997: 116.
[26] [JIN Xibin. Educational Economics[M]. Beijing: People’s Education Press, 1997: 116.]
[27] 赖明勇, 张新, 彭水军, 等. 经济增长的源泉:人力资本、研究开发与技术外溢[J]. 中国社会科学, 2005(2):32~46.
[27] [LAI Mingyong, ZHANG Xin, PENG Shuijun, et al. The source of economic growth:Human capital,R&D and technical spillovers[J]. Social Sciences in China, 2005(2):32~46.]
[28] 梁来存, 刘子兰. 教育投资对我国三次产业影响的实证研究[J]. 教育与经济, 2011(2):8~13.
[28] [LIANG Laicun, LIU Zilan. An empirical study on the effect of china educational investment on three industries[J]. Education and Economy, 2011(2):8~13.]
[29] 梁树广. 产业结构升级影响因素作用机理研究[J]. 商业研究, 2014(7):26~33.
[29] [LIANG Shuguang. Research on the action mechanism of influence factors for industrial structure upgrading[J]. Commercial Research, 2014(7):26~33.]
[30] 刘长生, 简玉峰, 尹华光. 旅游信用、人力资本与旅游产业发展[J]. 旅游学刊, 2009,24(11):13~20.
[30] [LIU Changsheng, JIAN Yufeng, YIN Huaguang. Tourism trust,human capital and tourism industrial development[J]. Tourism Tribune, 2009,24(11):13~20.]
[31] 刘春济, 冯学钢, 高静. 中国旅游产业结构变迁对旅游经济增长的影响[J]. 旅游学刊, 2014,29(8):37~49.
[31] [LIU Chunji, FENG Xuegang, GAO Jing. Changes in the structure of the tourism industry and their effect on the growth of the tourism economy in China[J]. Tourism Tribune, 2014,29(8):37~49.]
[32] 刘伟, 张辉, 黄泽华. 中国产业结构高度与工业化进程和地区差异的考察[J]. 经济学动态, 2008(11):4~8.
[32] [LIU Wei, ZHANG Hui, HUANG Zehua. A study of industrial structure degree,industrialization process and regional difference in China[J]. Economic Perspectives, 2008(11):4~8.]
[33] 孙盼盼, 夏杰长. 中国省际旅游产业效率:指标构建与实证分析[J]. 经济与管理研究, 2014(12):70~79.
[33] [SUN Panpan, XIA Jiechang. Chinese provincial tourism industry efficiency:Indices construction and empirical analysis[J]. Research on Economics and Management, 2014(12):70~79.]
[34] 谭永生. 人力资本理论述评及对我们的启示[J]. 首都经济贸易大学学报, 2006,8(3):29~32.
[34] [TAN Yongsheng. Human capital theory:A summary and the enlightenment to us[J]. Journal of Capital University of Economics and Business, 2006,8(3):29~32.]
[35] 王金伟. 一级学科建设背景下的旅游管理专业认同——来自高校专业学生视角的实证研究[J]. 旅游导刊, 2018,2(2):56~74.
[35] [WANG Jinwei. Professional identity of tourism management program:A perspective from undergraduate students in China[J]. Tourism and Hospitality Prospects, 2018,2(2):56~74.]
[36] 王善迈. 教育经济学概论[M]. 北京: 北京师范大学出版社, 1989: 96.
[36] [WANG Shanmai. Introduction to Educational Economics[M]. Beijing: Beijing Normal University Publishing House, 1989: 96.]
[37] 王兆峰, 杨卫书. 基于演化理论的旅游产业结构升级优化研究[J]. 社会科学家, 2008(10):91~95.
[37] [WANG Zhaofeng, YANG Weishu. Research on the adjustment and upgrading of tourism industrial structure[J]. Social Scientist, 2008(10):91~95.]
[38] 温忠麟, 叶宝娟. 中介效应分析:方法和模型发展[J]. 心理科学进展, 2014,22(5):731~745.
[38] [WEN Zhonglin, YE Baojuan. Analyses of mediating effects:The development of methods and models[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2014,22(5):731~745.]
[39] 翁钢民, 陈林娜. 区域旅行服务、交通区位与旅游经济的空间错位研究[J]. 地理与地理信息科学, 2014,30(4):90~94.
[39] [WENG Gangmin, CHEN Linna. Analysis on the spatial mismatch of tourism services,traffic location and tourism economy in China[J]. Geography and Geo-Information Science, 2014,30(4):90~94.]
[40] 吴巧红. 从供需错位看旅游院校人才培养应注意的几个问题[J]. 旅游学刊, 2004(S1):22~25.
[40] [WU Qiaohong. Viewing some noticeable problems of talent-cultivation in tourism institutions of higher learning from the disequilibrium of supply and demand[J]. Tourism Tribune, 2004(S1):22~25.]
[41] 谢朝武. 旅游院校研究生培养定位的现状与改革[J]. 旅游学刊, 2008,23(3):10~11.
[41] [XIE Chaowu. The status quo and reform of postgraduate training orientation in tourism colleges[J]. Tourism Tribune, 2008,23(3):10~11.]
[42] 杨建芳, 龚六堂, 张庆华. 人力资本形成及其对经济增长的影响——一个包含教育和健康投入的内生增长模型及其检验[J]. 管理世界, 2006(5):10~18,34.
[42] [YANG Jianfang, GONG Liutang, ZHANG Qinghua. Human capital formation land its effects on economic growth[J]. Management World, 2006(5):10~18,34.]
[43] 于凌云. 教育投入比与地区经济增长差异[J]. 经济研究, 2008,43(10):131~143.
[43] [YU Lingyun. The ratio of education investment and differences in regional economic growth[J]. Economic Research Journal, 2008,43(10):131~143.]
[44] 张翠菊, 张宗益. 中国省域产业结构升级影响因素的空间计量分析[J]. 统计研究, 2015,32(10):32~37.
[44] [ZHANG Cuiju, ZHANG Zongyi. Analysis on influence factors of China’s provincial industrial structure upgrading from a spatial econometrics perspective[J]. Statistical Research, 2015,32(10):32~37.]
[45] 张辉, 厉新建. 旅游经济学原理[M]. 北京: 旅游教育出版社, 2004.
[45] [ZHANG Hui, LI Xinjian. Principles of Tourism Economics[M]. Beijing: Tourism Education Press, 2004.]
[46] 张勇, 王慧炯, 古明明. 发展教育是跨越“中等收入陷阱”的关键——通过发展教育和转型来规避“中等收入陷阱”[J]. 教育与经济, 2012(2):30~34.
[46] [ZHANG Yong, WANG Huijiong, GU Mingming. Education is the key to avoiding “medium revenue trap”:Avoid the “middle income trap” by developing education and transformation[J]. Education & Economy, 2012(2):30~34.]
[1] 吴开军,卜晓薇. 古村落旅游“生产-生活-生态”空间重构与优化研究——以广州小洲村为例[J]. 旅游导刊, 2021, 5(2): 66-81.
[2] 周坤,王进. 归因偏差视角下旅游行为失范成因研究[J]. 旅游导刊, 2021, 5(1): 43-57.
[3] 余志远,赵星会,梁春媚. 社区旅游参与视角下民族村寨旅游地居民地方感生成研究[J]. 旅游导刊, 2021, 5(1): 23-42.
[4] 王金伟. 黑色旅游学术研究的理论前沿与本土实践[J]. 旅游导刊, 2020, 4(6): 1-5.
[5] 唐勇,钟美玲,王尧树,秦宏瑶,傅滢滢. 汶川地震黑色旅游地社区居民地方感聚类研究[J]. 旅游导刊, 2020, 4(6): 28-42.
[6] 郑春晖,张捷. 自然灾难地居民风险知觉与旅游支持度的关系研究——以汶川大地震重灾区北川和都江堰为例[J]. 旅游导刊, 2020, 4(6): 43-58.
[7] 钱莉莉,李罕梁,季靖. 黑色旅游地游客集体记忆建构及其对行为意愿的影响——以“5·12”汶川地震北川老县城遗址为例[J]. 旅游导刊, 2020, 4(6): 59-74.
[8] 王金伟,王国权,王欣. 黑色旅游的批判性反思与理论建构[J]. 旅游导刊, 2020, 4(6): 6-22.
[9] 颜丙金,刘俊,黄艳娴. 黑色旅游游客体验及其类型差异性研究[J]. 旅游导刊, 2020, 4(6): 75-90.
[10] 李燕琴. 中国生态旅游发展的本土化与国际化[J]. 旅游导刊, 2020, 4(5): 1-18.
[11] 张鞠成,李祎铭,成汝霞. 国内外智慧旅游研究述评[J]. 旅游导刊, 2020, 4(5): 79-96.
[12] 董培海,赵兴国,李伟. 大众旅游现象的发生学解释——基于社会文化视角的探讨[J]. 旅游导刊, 2020, 4(4): 13-28.
[13] 龙江智,段浩然,何洋. 古镇情境下旅游涉入、地方依恋对游客满意度的影响研究——以体验质量为中介[J]. 旅游导刊, 2020, 4(4): 56-73.
[14] 彭丹,胡俊青. 1998—2019年旅游地——基于关键词共现网络分析[J]. 旅游导刊, 2020, 4(4): 74-93.
[15] 孙瑾,杨静舒. 旅游管理视角下的消费者决策行为研究现状评述与展望[J]. 旅游导刊, 2020, 4(3): 1-15.