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旅游导刊  2018, Vol. 2 Issue (6): 1-16    DOI: 10.12054/lydk.bisu.100
    
康复性流动视角下的健康与养生旅游研究展望
徐红罡(), 王珂
中山大学旅游学院 广东广州 510275
Prospects of the Study of Health and Wellness Tourism under the Perspective of Therapeutic Mobilities
Honggang XU(), Ke WANG
School of Tourism Management, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
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摘要:

健康与养生旅游在近20年得到了快速的发展,也越来越受到学术界的重视。然而已有的相关研究多为描述型研究,主要关注健康与养生旅游的供给特征、需求特征和政治经济学分析,很少有研究对旅游促进游客身心健康的机制作出理论解释。本文提出应该借鉴健康地理学中“康复性流动”的概念来理解健康与养生旅游的现象,突破目前健康与养生旅游研究缺乏理论视角和理论贡献的困境。康复性流动理论为理解流动、地方和健康提供了理论视角,可应用到健康与养生旅游研究中解释旅游流动促进健康的内在机制,同时,其理论深度和广度也可以在旅游的情境中进一步完善和丰富。这两者的结合可促进旅游地理学和健康地理学的交叉,进一步推进对地方、流动与健康关系的认识。

关键词: 健康旅游养生旅游康复性景观康复性流动文化情境    
Abstract:

Health and wellness tourism has become a new trend for travel in the last two decades and gained growing attention from the academic world. However, most of the existing studies are descriptive, focusing on the particular aspects of health and wellness tourism's supply and demand, as well as its political economic analysis. There is still a lack of theoretical explanation for the mechanism how tourists improve their health and wellbeing during their travels. This paper proposes that the concept of ‘therapeutic mobilities’ should be adopted to understand the phenomenon of health and wellness tourism so as to resolve the dilemma of lacking theoretical perspectives and contributions in current health tourism research. The conceptualization of therapeutic mobilities provides a theoretical perspective for understanding the relations between mobilities, place and health, and therefore it can be applied to the tourism research field to examine how tourism mobilities promote people’s health and wellbeing. Meanwhile, the context of travel can further enhance the depth and breadth of therapeutic mobilities theory. The integration of health tourism and therapeutic mobilities will advance the intersection of tourism geography and health geography, providing a deeper understanding of mobilities, place and health.

Key words: health tourism    wellness tourism    therapeutic landscape    therapeutic mobilities    cultural context
收稿日期: 2018-11-06 出版日期: 2018-12-29
PACS:  F59  
基金资助: 本文受国家自然科学基金项目“康复性流动视角下的健康旅游者时空行为、体验和健康机制研究”(项目编号:41771145)资助
作者简介:

[作者简介] 徐红罡(1967— ),女,云南昆明人,博士,中山大学旅游学院教授,研究方向:系统动力学、流动性、可持续旅游、出境旅游。E-mail:xuhongg@mail.sysu.edu.cn;王 珂(1993— ),女,湖南益阳人,中山大学旅游学院博士研究生,研究方向:流动性与身心健康。

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引用本文:

徐红罡, 王珂. 康复性流动视角下的健康与养生旅游研究展望[J]. 旅游导刊, 2018, 2(6): 1-16.

Honggang XU, Ke WANG. Prospects of the Study of Health and Wellness Tourism under the Perspective of Therapeutic Mobilities. Tourism and Hospitality Prospects, 2018, 2(6): 1-16.

链接本文:

https://lydk.bisu.edu.cn/CN/10.12054/lydk.bisu.100        https://lydk.bisu.edu.cn/CN/Y2018/V2/I6/1

作者 研究
人群
研究人群特征 地方情境 健康体验的主要层面
Gesler(1993)
病人
居民
希腊埃皮道鲁斯的Asclepian神庙,有医术之神,位于城镇,气候温暖,水质好。 身体
心理
Gesler(1996)
朝圣者
游客、信仰天主教、身体状况未知 法国卢尔德镇,著名的温泉地,有带宗教性质的水域。 精神
Kearns & Collins (2000) 儿童 新西兰居民、有健康问题 新西兰的7个儿童健康营,由政府设立,专门治疗儿童的健康问题。 身体
心理
Conradson(2005)
残疾人

英格兰居民、一年到访多次、多为45岁以上、多数需坐轮椅 英格兰多西特地区的Holton Lee临时看护中心,位于乡村,有250亩的原生态森林供病人疗养康复,主要面向身体有残疾的人。 身体
心理
Lea(2008)
游客
瑜伽和泰式按摩爱好者 西班牙的天地静修中心,位于西班牙南部Alpujarras山的半山腰,因突出的自然美景而著名。 心理
Williams(2010)

朝圣者

无疾病、信仰基督教
加拿大魁北克的Anne de Beaupre神庙,是北美洲最古老的基督教朝圣地,远离市区20英里,有许多宗教建筑和服务,被认为具有治愈效果、是上帝的象征。 精神

作者 研究
人群
研究人群特征 地方情境 健康体验的主要层面
Milligan,Gatrell & Bingley(2004) 老人
超过65岁、心理无疾病、身体活动受限制 新西兰的私人花园,包括被研究者单独园艺的花园和被研究者集体园艺的花园。 身体
心理
社会关系
Wilson(2003)
少数民族居民 当地原住民、受当地文化影响 第一民族地区,位于加拿大的北安大略湖,相对孤立,有独特的地方文化传统。 精神
心理
Thorsen(2015) 居民 / 尼泊尔,贫穷,医疗服务紧张。 身体
Perriam(2015)



顾客



居民或外地游客



苏格兰佩思郡的两个地方:Killin和Bield。Killin历史上一直以来被认为是一个宗教性康复的地方;Bield是当代发展起来的,有基督教精神、静修和康复的地方,有很多艺术疗法和心理治疗法。 精神
心理


Bell,Phoenix & Lovell等(2015) 居民 英格兰西南部的两个沿海城镇,其海岸具有绿色空间和蓝色空间相融的特点。 心理
社会关系
Liamputtong & Suwankhong(2015) 乳腺癌患者 女性、居民
从家、社区、医疗中心、地区多个地方尺度解释地方对患者的康复作用。 身体
心理
Doughty(2013)
居民
20~70岁、集体散步 英格兰汉普郡的人行散步道,是典型的城市绿色空间。 身体
心理
社会关系
Power & Smyth(2016) 居民 参与遗产保护 英国东南部东安哥里尔地区的村镇,有以社区为基础的遗产资源。 心理
Huang & Xu
(2018)
游客 慢性病患者、退休老人 中国广西巴马瑶族自治县,是著名的养生旅游地和世界长寿之乡。 精神
Wang,Cui & Xu(2018) 游客
慢性病患者、少数民族、中老年人 中国新疆吐鲁番地区,有火洲之称,高温干燥,有可以治疗风湿和关节炎的美誉。 身体
精神
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