微信公众号

编辑部微信号

旅游导刊 ›› 2019, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (3): 57-70.DOI: 10.12054/lydk.bisu.089

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

革命老区旅游精准扶贫制度增权的比较研究——以梁家河村和康坪村为例

兰金秋, 于立新, 王会战   

  1. 西安科技大学管理学院 陕西西安 710054
  • 收稿日期:2018-06-05 修回日期:2019-03-10 出版日期:2019-06-30 发布日期:2019-07-11
  • 作者简介:兰金秋(1992— ),女,安徽宣城人,西安科技大学管理学院硕士研究生,研究方向:旅游扶贫与增权。于立新(1969— ),男,陕西西安人,西安科技大学管理学院教授,博士,研究方向:旅游开发与规划。王会战(1976— ),男,河南孟津人,西安科技大学管理学院副教授,博士,研究方向:旅游扶贫与增权。
  • 基金资助:
    本文受国家社科基金西部项目“增权视角下我国革命老区旅游精准扶贫的机制创新与路径优化研究”(项目编号:16XGL008)、全国人文社会科学课题“从‘去权’到‘增权’:基于演化博弈的乡村旅游精准扶贫研究”(项目编号:17BJR01129)和原国家旅游局2017年度“万名旅游英才计划”研究型英才培养项目(项目编号:WMYC20171035)资助

Institutional Empowerment in Tourism Accurate Poverty Alleviation in the Former Revolutionary Area : Comparative Case Studies of Liangjiahe Village and Kangping Village

Jinqiu LAN, Lixin YU, Huizhan WANG   

  1. School of Management, Xi’an University of Science and Technology,Xi’an 710054, China
  • Received:2018-06-05 Revised:2019-03-10 Online:2019-06-30 Published:2019-07-11

摘要:

革命老区旅游精准扶贫制度增权的比较研究,是探寻制度增权在旅游精准扶贫中的价值与推进制度增权研究进程的需要,对革命老区旅游精准扶贫及攻关脱贫工作有重要意义。本研究以旅游精准扶贫理论、制度增权理论为基础,采用内容分析法对革命老区旅游精准扶贫重点村梁家河村与康坪村进行双案例研究,旨在明确革命老区旅游精准扶贫效果与制度增权之间的关系。研究发现:梁家河村旅游精准扶贫效果明显高于康坪村,二者的巨大差异源自制度增权的强弱程度;梁家河村制度增权效果虽然明显,但具有自发性、间接性和区域性的缺陷,原因在于并没有将这些有利于当地村民从旅游发展中获益的经验途径上升为国家意志。研究指出如何实现正式的旅游制度增权是国家及政府相关部门做好旅游精准扶贫工作的关键所在。

关键词: 革命老区, 旅游精准扶贫, 制度增权

Abstract:

Comparative study of institutional empowerment in tourism accurate poverty alleviation in the former revolutionary area is the need to explore the value of the institutional empowerment in tourism accurate poverty alleviation and to promote the research process of institutional empowerment in the development of tourism poverty alleviation. It is of greatly practical value to point out the new direction of the future efforts of the tourism accurate poverty alleviation in the former revolutionary area and to guide the work of tackling the key problems that eliminating poverty in the former revolutionary area. Based on accurate poverty alleviation theory and institutional empowerment theory, and applying to content analysis, the relationship between the effect of tourism accurate poverty alleviation and the institutional empowerment at the former revolutionary area——Liangjiahe Village and Kangping Village was studied. Results show that the effect of tourism accurate poverty alleviation in the Liangjiahe Village is more obvious than that of Kangping Village. The great difference stems from the degree of institutional empowerment. The effect of institutional empowerment of Liangjiahe Village is obvious, but the defect is spontaneous, indirect and regional. Since these experiences profiting the local villagers haven’t risen to the will of the state, such approach is the key departments concerned of the national and government who deal with the work of poverty alleviation.

Key words: the former revolutionary area, tourism accurate poverty alleviation, the institutional empowerment

中图分类号: