Please wait a minute...
Tourism and Hospitality Prospects  2018, Vol. 2 Issue (2): 27-39    DOI: 10.12054/lydk.bisu.62
Research Paper     
The Influence of Social Media on the Socialization of Chinese Tourists:An Analysis of Social Media Data
Jing WANG1, Li LI2
1. Tourism Department, School of Humanities, Ningxia University, Ningxia 750001, China
2. Bath Business School, Bath Spa University, Bath, UK BA29BN
Download: HTML     PDF(1570KB)
Export: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      


Social media(SM) plays an important role in tourism. It shapes how travellers make decision and change their pre-travel, during travel and post-travel behaviours. SM has also influenced tourism industry practice in the areas of marketing, sales and product development. How Chinese nationals engage with SM in tourism activities is under researched. There have been statistics reporting the usage of the Internet and ICT applications by Chinese nationals. However these statistics are simply descriptive parameters, and cannot provide in-depth insight into SM adoption for tourism in China. Therefore, this study explores the use of SM in tourism-related activities in China with the aim to understand the role of SM in China’s tourism sphere.The research focused on the use of three most popular SM websites, which were RenRen, Sina Weibo and Douban, in tourism-related activities in China.The exploratory research has identified that Chinese use SM to share information about, and personal evaluation of, destinations, tourism products, itineraries of travel, visa and currency exchange. The selected SM sites provide Chinese users a space for open communication and freely exchange of ideas, emotions and cognitive insights into travel, life and being. The technology also offers them a new way of socialising with each other. Renren and Donban in particular give Chinese bloggers a space to freely externalise their deep reflection on travel, life and being in the public domain. Through this process of knowledge transformation, a discursive discourse of tourism representation and understanding is created and re-created. Therefore, SM is more than just an information communication channel. It is a creator that enables the expansion of tourism boundary and a shaper that constantly shapes tourism as a human social conduct within that boundary. The paper argues that SM should not only be regarded as information communication channels, but also a creator and a shaper to forge what tourism is in the contemporary societies.

Key wordssocial media      Chinese tourists      socialization     
Received: 08 February 2017      Published: 20 April 2018
ZTFLH:  F59  
Cite this article:

Jing WANG, Li LI. The Influence of Social Media on the Socialization of Chinese Tourists:An Analysis of Social Media Data. Tourism and Hospitality Prospects, 2018, 2(2): 27-39.

URL:     OR

主题 二级主题 微博
信息分享 旅游产品及服务信息 “我的公寓在北京的东边,在二环以内,因为我们公司要求员工必须住在离公司步行10分钟的范围内。”(豆瓣,博主S)“(签证600申请流程)首先,下载申请表格,(附官方网站地址:1419CHS表和家庭成员54号表),这两个表是要填写的,并记得贴上两寸照片。”(豆瓣)
主题 二级主题 微博
体验分享 个人评价 “这是我吃过的最好吃的牛排!让我感觉整个旅行都亮了!我希望我可以生活在重庆。”(博主附了这个菜品的照片)(微博,Miss D)
社交分享 社交 “我觉得我特别高兴和幸运在这个夏天在芭提雅认识你们,美丽的景色、友好的人们和新的好朋友。旅行是个能给你机会去感受最珍贵关系的方式!我爱你们,想念你们!”(微博,Miss X)
个人旅游反思 “我无法想象,如果没有选择去埃及……在这两个月里,我学会了独立生活,克服内心的恐惧。最重要的是,我在清真寺找到了平静,使我重新考虑了人生,并改变了未来的计划。我永远不会忘记在我遇到困难时帮助过我的埃及人,和他们善良的微笑。谢谢埃及,再见埃及。再见那个从前的我,欢迎这个全新的我!”(人人网,Miss Z)
推荐 “在2013年,我用了半年的时间,去了17个省,住过60家青年旅社。我想分享并推荐给你们这些我住过的青年旅社。”(豆瓣,Z先生)
Tab.1 Themes and sub-themes with evidence
[1] Baym N K.Personal Connections in the Digital Age[M]. Cambridge: Polity, 2010.
[2] Chan N L, Guillet B D.Investigation of social media marketing: How does the hotel industry in Hong Kong perform in marketing on social media websites?[J]. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 2011, 28(4): 345~368.
[3] Chio S, Lehto X Y, Morrison A M.Destination image representation on the web: Content analysis of Macau travel related websites[J]. Tourism Management, 2007, 28(1): 118~129.
[4] Chiu C, Lin D, Silverman A. China’s Social-Media Boom[M]. New York, NY: McKinsey & Company, 2012.
[5] CNNIC发布第39次《中国互联网络发展状况统计报告》[R]. CCNIC,2017.
[6] Cohen H. 30 Social Media Definitions [EB/OL]. .
[7] De Botton A.The Art of Travel[M]. London: Penguin Books, 2003.
[8] Edelman D C.Branding in the digital age[J]. Harvard Business Review, 2010, 88(12): 62~69.
[9] Garland, A. Why social media isn’t just another sales channel[EB/OL]. .
[10] Hsu M H, Ju T L, Yen C H,et al.Knowledge sharing behavior in virtual communities: The relationship between trust, self-efficacy, and outcome expectations[J]. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 2007, 65(2): 153~169.
[11] Hudson S, Thal K.The impact of social media on the consumer decision process: Implications for tourism marketing[J]. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 2013, 30(1~2): 156~160.
[12] Knox D, Hannam K.Embodying everyday masculinities in heritage tourism(s)[A]. Pritchard A, Morgan N, Ateljevic I,et al. Tourism and Gender: Embodiment, Sensuality and Experience[C]. Oxford: CABI, 2007.
[13] Lee H A, Law R, Murphy J.Helpful reviewers in tripadvisor, an online travel community[J]. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 2011, 28(7): 675~688.
[14] Levinson P.新新媒介[M]. 上海: 复旦大学出版社, 2011.
[15] Li X, Wang Y C.China in the eyes of western travelers as represented in travel blogs[J]. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 2011, 28(7): 689~719.
[16] Litvin S W, Goldsmith R E, Pan B.Electronic word-of-mouth in hospitality and tourism management[J]. Tourism Management, 2008, 29(3): 458~468.
[17] Munar A M, Jacobsen J K S. Motivations for sharing tourism experiences through social media[J]. Tourism Management, 2014>(43): 46~54.
[18] Pons P O.Being-on-holiday: Tourist dwelling, bodies and place[J]. Tourist Studies, 2003, 3(1): 47~66.
[19] Qualman E.How Social Media Transforms the Way We Live and Do Business[M]. Ipswich: Business Book Summaries, 2011: 56.
[20] Sigala M, Christou E, Gretzel U.Social Media in Travel, Tourism and Hospitality: Theory, Practice and Cases[M]. Farnham: Ashgate, 2012.
[21] Solomon M R.Consumer Behaviour-Buying, Having and Being[M]. 10th ed. Harlow, UK: Pearson Education Ltd, 2013.
[22] Sotiriadis M D, Van Zyl C.Electronic word-of-mouth and online reviews in tourism services: The use of twitter by tourists[J]. Electronic Commerce Research, 2013, 13(1): 103~124.
[23] Statistic Brain. Social Networking Statistics[EB/OL]. .
[24] Thevenot G.Blogging as a social media[J]. Tourism and Hospitality Research, 2007, 7(3—4): 287~289.
[25] Tribe J.The truth about tourism[J]. Annals of Tourism Research, 2006, 33(2): 360~381.
[26] Tung V W S, Ritchie J R B. Exploring the essence of memorable tourism experiences[J]. Annals of Tourism Research,2011,38(4):1367~1386.
[27] Ward S.Consumer Socialization[J]. Journal of Consumer Research, 1974,1(2): 1~14.
[28] WTM. World travel market 2013 industry report[EB/OL]. .
[29] Wang X, Yu C & Wei Y. Social media peer communication and impacts on purchase intention: A consumer socialization framework[J]. Journal of Interactive Marketing, 2012(26):198~208.
[30] Xiao H G, Mair H L.“A paradox of images”: Representation of China as a tourist destination[J]. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 2006,20(2): 1~14.
[31] Xiang Z,Gretzel U.Role of social media in online travel information search[J]. Tourism Management,2010,31(2):179~188.
[32] 曹博林. 社交媒体:概念、发展历程、特征与未来——兼谈当下对社交媒体认识的模糊之处[J]. 湖南广播电视大学学报, 2011(3): 65~69.
[33] 陈晓磬, 章海宏. 社交媒体的旅游应用研究现状及评述[J]. 旅游学刊, 2015, 30(8): 35~43.
[34] 贾衍菊. 社交媒体时代旅游者行为研究进展——基于境外文献的梳理[J]. 旅游学刊, 2017, 32(4): 117~126.
[35] 蒋建国. 网络社交媒体的角色展演、交往报酬与社会规范[J]. 南京社会科学, 2015(8): 113~120.
[36] 王欣, 邹统钎, 杨文华. 遗产文化价值的创意构建与体验[J]. 资源科学, 2013, 35(12): 2352~2358.
[37] 俞国良. 社会心理学[M]. 北京: 北京师范大学出版社, 2006.
[1] Wenjing LI, Chaozhi ZHANG. The Turn of Process Studies: A New Perspective on the Theoretical Construction in Tourism Geography[J]. Tourism and Hospitality Prospects, 2019, 3(2): 19-21.
[2] Yelin FANG, Fang WANG. The Measurement and Optimization of Provincial Tourism Efficiency Considering Environment Variables in Mainland China:From the Perspective of Regional Economy and Traffic Location[J]. Tourism and Hospitality Prospects, 2019, 3(2): 40-53.
[3] Chunlei WANG, Kun XU. Research on Better Lives Initiative from the Perspective of Eventology:A New Framework[J]. Tourism and Hospitality Prospects, 2019, 3(2): 1-18.
[4] Ming LEI. Medical Tourism Intention of Chinese Mainland Residents Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior[J]. Tourism and Hospitality Prospects, 2019, 3(2): 54-71.
[5] Tian MA, Yanjun XIE. The Study of Emotion in Tourist Experience: Current Research Progress[J]. Tourism and Hospitality Prospects, 2019, 3(2): 82-101.
[6] Ya LI. What Destination Microfilms are More Likely to be Shared?An Analysis of Viewer’s Emotion and Microfilms’ Source[J]. Tourism and Hospitality Prospects, 2019, 3(2): 72-81.
[7] . [J]. Tourism and Hospitality Prospects, 2019, 3(1): 75-93.
[8] Jigang BAO. Thoughts on Introducing Spatial Scale Perspective into Tourism Statistics[J]. Tourism and Hospitality Prospects, 2019, 3(1): 1-8.
[9] Baojian MA. On the Connotation of Leisure and Its Implications from the Perspective of Evolutionism[J]. Tourism and Hospitality Prospects, 2019, 3(1): 65-74.
[10] Linsheng ZHONG, Pengwei WANG. Prospects of Research on Ecotourism under the Background of Ecological Civilization Construction in the New Era[J]. Tourism and Hospitality Prospects, 2019, 3(1): 9-20.
[11] Jiangchi ZHANG. Is E-Booking a Planned Behavior? A Study on the Effects of Tourists’ Habits and the Two-stage Moderating Effects of Risk Perception[J]. Tourism and Hospitality Prospects, 2019, 3(1): 43-64.
[12] Libin CAI, Xiaotong ZHU. Research on the Image Restoration Strategy of Tourism Destination Identity under the Network Public Opinion Crisis based on SCCT: Taking the Incident of Disfigurement in Lijiang as an Example[J]. Tourism and Hospitality Prospects, 2019, 3(1): 21-42.
[13] . [J]. Tourism and Hospitality Prospects, 2018, 2(6): 63-87.
[14] Kai BAI, Xin WANG. A Review of Tourist Behavior Research in China(1987—2018)[J]. Tourism and Hospitality Prospects, 2018, 2(6): 17-32.
[15] Honggang XU, Ke WANG. Prospects of the Study of Health and Wellness Tourism under the Perspective of Therapeutic Mobilities[J]. Tourism and Hospitality Prospects, 2018, 2(6): 1-16.